How to Convert PDF to HTML through Python


By Jack

Update on

PDF to HTML Python

In various scenarios, it is quite useful to convert PDF to HTML Python. For instance, if you like to check out a web preview of PDF documents, HTML works best. So, plain HTML is the ideal format that you can employ. This is because the PDF format is not interactive and responsive over the web.

On the other hand, HTML is quite better. This is due to its ability to adjust itself to the screen resolution and size requirements of a device. Not just that, but it even adjusts to other parameters. So, if you are looking for a way to convert PDF to HTML, Python works great.

Python works great with HTML. If you do not know what Python is, it’s a server-side language. This language is usually used for a website’s back-end development. So, it is the best option because Python features several packages for handling PDF documents. However, you can convert PDF to HTML without Python. Now, this is the easiest way to convert your PDF files to HTML documents.

To perform this action, users may need a professional third-party application. When it comes to PDF to HTML Python, it is better to perform this task with tools like PDFelement. Users can use this professional tool to convert PDF documents to HTML.

Now, let’s learn how you can convert PDF to HTML Python with Python or without Python. So, let’s get started without further ado!

Part 1: How to Convert PDF to HTML Through Python

If you are using a Linux machine, the PDF to HTML Python way works great. This is because you have all the tools installed on your system already.

For instance, if Windows users are using AbiWord, they can either invoke their GUI or employ the command-line way. In the latter scenario, users can employ standard libraries for invoking the program through Python.

Python Libraries for PDF to HTML Conversion

Python offers various libraries that facilitate PDF to HTML conversion. Some popular choices include PyPDF2, pdf2htmlEX, and pdfminer.six. These libraries provide powerful features and flexibility to handle different PDF layouts and extract content for conversion.

Installing Required Libraries

Before we dive into the conversion process, we need to install the necessary libraries. Open your command prompt or terminal and use the following commands:

pip install PyPDF2
pip install pdf2htmlEX
pip install pdfminer.six

Converting PDF to HTML using PyPDF2

PyPDF2 is a Python library that allows manipulation of PDF files. To convert PDF to HTML using PyPDF2, we follow these steps:

  1. Import the necessary modules.
  2. Open the PDF file using PdfFileReader.
  3. Extract the text content from the PDF.
  4. Generate the HTML output using the extracted text.
  5. Save the HTML output to a file.
import PyPDF2

def convert_pdf_to_html(file_path):
    pdf = open(file_path, 'rb')
    reader = PyPDF2.PdfFileReader(pdf)
    text_content = ""

    for page in range(reader.numPages):
        text_content += reader.getPage(page).extractText()

    html_output = f"<html><body><pre>{text_content}</pre></body></html>"

    with open("output.html", "w") as file:



Converting PDF to HTML using pdf2htmlEX

pdf2htmlEX is a command-line tool that converts PDF to HTML using the Poppler and Cairo libraries. To use pdf2htmlEX in Python, we can invoke it using the subprocess module. Here’s an example:

import subprocess

def convert_pdf_to_html(file_path):['pdf2htmlEX', file_path])


Converting PDF to HTML using pdfminer.six

pdfminer.six is a Python library for extracting text, images, and metadata from PDF files. To convert PDF to HTML using pdfminer.six, we can extract the text content and generate an HTML document. Here’s an example:

import io
from pdfminer.converter import HTMLConverter
from pdfminer.pdfinterp import PDFResourceManager, PDFPageInterpreter
from pdfminer.pdfpage import PDFPage

def convert_pdf_to_html(file_path):
    resource_manager = PDFResourceManager()
    string_buffer = io.StringIO()
    converter = HTMLConverter(resource_manager, string_buffer)

    with open(file_path, 'rb') as file:
        interpreter = PDFPageInterpreter(resource_manager, converter)
        for page in PDFPage.get_pages(file):

    html_output = string_buffer.getvalue()

    with open("output.html", "w") as file:


Handling Complex PDF Layouts

Some PDF files have complex layouts, including tables, multiple columns, and images. When converting such files to HTML, it’s important to handle these elements properly. Python libraries like PyPDF2, pdf2htmlEX, and pdfminer.six provide functionality to extract and preserve the layout during conversion.

Customizing HTML Output

Depending on the requirements, you may need to customize the HTML output generated during the conversion. You can apply CSS styles, modify the structure, or add additional elements to match the desired design or functionality. This flexibility allows seamless integration of PDF content into existing web pages.

Automating PDF to HTML Conversion

To streamline the PDF to HTML conversion process, you can automate the task using Python. By utilizing file monitoring, directory traversal, and batch processing, you can create a robust and efficient system for converting multiple PDF files to HTML automatically.

Besides, here is the top best PDF password cracker for your reference.

Part 2: How to Convert PDF to HTML Without Python

If you like to convert PDF to HTML Python altogether, use PDFelement. This is a professional tool that could help you with PDF to HTML conversion.

Not just that, but this tool can also convert HTML to PDF (or make PDF from HTML). Apart from a wide range of customization and conversion options, it features various characteristics.

  • PDFelement features a complete suite of tools for editing PDFs.
  • It lets you review, annotate, and comment PFDs through varied markup options.
  • With PDFelement, users can create, convert, or fill forms into innovative PDFs through advanced tools.
  • It can perform batch procedures for various PDF actions, such as OCR and conversion.
  • The tool comes with progressive security features for maintaining confidentiality while distributing PDFs.
  • It features password encryption, PDF protection, and watermarking tools.
  • PDFelement features batch and single file size optimization.

Converting PDF to HTML comprises three simple steps – firstly, import the source PDF, select HTML as the output file format, and press Convert. Now, learning these steps is kind of understanding the PDF conversion.

This is because the difficult task is done through the software. If you are a new user, you will like the intuitive interface and the clear functions and menus appear.

Additionally, users get great conversion speed and mass conversion capabilities. For converting PDF to HTML Python, users can go through the following instructions:

Steps to Convert PDF to HTML without Python:

If you have no idea about Python, then it is still possible to convert PDF to HTML Python. Without using Python, convert your files to the desired format with PDFelement. Follow some simple steps below to convert your PDF files effortlessly.

Step 1: Download PDFelement

Firstly, please download the DMG or EXE file from the official website of PDFelement. Install this application on your Mac or Windows PC. Users can either drag their PDF file to the app or open the app and tap on the ‘Open File…‘ tab to open the file.


Step 2: Tap on the ‘To HTML’ Tab

After your file opens, visit the ‘Convert‘ button and tap on the ‘To HTML‘ tab as the output format. There is nothing to worry about when you choose a different tab by mistake. It is possible to change it later. There are other options available too.


Step 3: Convert PDF to HTML

So, users need to save the HTML file. Now, a dialog box featuring the ‘Save As‘ tab will pop up. Here, you will again get an option to modify the output format.

Plus, the ‘Settings’ tab will also feature some of the innovative conversion parameters. Tap on the ‘Save‘ tab. After a while, your file will be saved successfully.


Note: Throughout conversion, users will be shown a tiny progress window. When the bar hits 100%, tap on the ‘Finish‘ tab. So, this is how you can convert PDF to HTML.

How to Convert PDF to HTML Without Python Using PDFelement

So, converting PDF to HTML Python is not that difficult. However, it is not possible for all to convert files using Python due to encoding issues. It is best to download PDFelement for converting PDF to HTML without Python. The biggest advantage of using PDFelement is that there is little user input needed for this process.

Also you can even perform this conversion task with Adobe Acrobat DC. We already discussed how complex converting PDF to HTML Python could be unless you have done this before. If you have no idea what you are exactly doing, then it could be a problem.

Sometimes, command-line options are outright dangerous or equally unpredictable. In simple words, if the accuracy and quality of conversion are significant to you, it is best to go with a product that provides incredible customer support.

Thus, users need to download PDFelement if they are looking for a way to convert PDF to HTML Python. This tool features a complete suite of tools that can be used for editing PDFs.

Using this tool, you can review, annotate, and comment on PDFs using markup options. This powerful tool even lets you fill, create, or convert forms into PDF documents with its incredible functions.

PDFelement lets you perform batch processes for various PDF actions like conversion and OCR. This tool even comes with progressive security features for maintaining confidentiality while distributing PDF documents.

This PDF converter features both batch and single file size optimization. Now, what could be better than this?! So, it is best to download PDFelement if you like to convert PDF to HTML Python hassle-free.


In this article, we explored the process of converting PDF to HTML using Python. We discussed different libraries such as PyPDF2, pdf2htmlEX, and pdfminer.six, and demonstrated how to convert PDF files to HTML format step by step. By leveraging the power of Python and its ecosystem, developers can efficiently handle PDF files and integrate them into web-based applications.


Q1: Can I convert password-protected PDF files to HTML using Python?

Yes, certain Python libraries like PyPDF2 support converting password-protected PDF files to HTML. You would need to provide the password as an additional parameter during the conversion process.

Q2: Are there any limitations when converting complex PDF layouts to HTML?

While Python libraries strive to handle complex PDF layouts effectively, there might be cases where the conversion doesn’t perfectly match the original layout. It’s recommended to test the converted HTML thoroughly and make necessary adjustments if needed.

Q3: Can I convert PDF files with embedded images to HTML using Python?

Yes, Python libraries such as PyPDF2 and pdf2htmlEX have functionality to extract and handle embedded images during the conversion process. The resulting HTML output will include the extracted images.

Q4: Is it possible to convert only specific pages of a PDF to HTML using Python?

Yes, you can modify the provided code examples to specify the desired pages for conversion. By extracting content from specific pages and generating HTML output accordingly, you can convert only the required pages.

Q5: Can I convert scanned PDF documents to HTML using Python?

Converting scanned PDF documents to HTML requires additional steps such as OCR (Optical Character Recognition). While Python has OCR libraries like Tesseract, the process becomes more complex and may require preprocessing steps before converting to HTML.


Ten years of experience in information and computer technology. Passionate about electronic devices, smartphones, computers, and modern technology.