How is 192.168.1.X Used? From to

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By Jason

You might have come across IP addresses like,,, and under various circumstances.

If you are a novice in the subject of networking, these IP addresses might confuse you a bit.

So, we thought of composing an article explaining these IP addresses and their functions.

What is is considered to be a private IP address. In fact, many home broadband routers that are sold outside of the USA use as their default IP address. In addition to that, the same IP address is commonly found in devices that are used within home networks. However, it happens when the respective router has the IP address

In general, public addresses are expected to be unique across the internet. However, doesn’t have such a requirement. Instead, it is expected to be unique within the respective local network. It is true that this is the default IP address for some of the routers. However, you can configure any router or a computer on a local network to have

Connecting to

In general, it is not a requirement to access the administrative console of the router to connect to However, you will have to log into the admin console if some connection issues are persisting.

Also, it is a requirement if you set up your router for the first time. Changing the router password, setting up a custom DNS server, creating the Wi-Fi network, etc. requires admin login,

Assume that the IP address of a certain router (on the local network) is set to In that case, you should enter the IP address in the address bar of a web browser. By doing this, you will be able to log into the administrative console of the router. So, the address would be

Once the IP address is entered, you will see that a page appears with fields to enter the credentials. Depending on the router’s brand, you can find its username and password through an internet search. In most of the cases, most of the router manufacturers use ‘admin’ as the username and password. Also, some of the manufacturers have the credentials written down at the bottom of the router itself.

By any chance, if you have forgotten the password of the router, you can reset it manually. Then, the credentials will be set to default; you can change these settings as you wish later on.

Reasons why is used so often

Those who manufacture devices like access points and routers must assign an IP address within the private range. In the beginning, leading broadband router manufacturers had 192.168.1.X as the default IP address. In fact, such private range usually begins with However, most of the individuals assume that number sequence should start from one but not from zero. That is why looks like a better choice when it comes to starting a home network.

Now that the router has the first of this number sequence (, the rest of the numbers follow. That means, numbers starting from will be assigned to the other devices on the network. That means, will be the first IP address assigned to a device, and the rest of the numbers will follow it.

How to assign to one of the devices on a local network?

Most of the networks generally use dynamic IP addresses on their devices. That is by using DHCP. That means, the device’s IP address will be automatically changed frequently. Or, the IP address will be assigned to a different device.

DHCP is considered to be the preferred method that allows assigning to devices. However, it is possible to assign a static IP address as well. Nevertheless, you should expect some connection issues if the configuration is not done in a strategic way.

When should you opt to a static IP address?

Here are some important things you should remember when choosing between static or dynamic IP addresses.

  • A local DHCP router can be configured with a range of private IP addresses. Then, it can be allocated to clients.
  • Assume that your home router is assigned with the default IP address of In that case, there will be a default set of client IP addresses. These addresses can range from to It is a common practice to assign the devices with lower ranges (e.g.,,,,, etc.). So, you will hardly see a value like in a home network.
  • In general, routers don’t check if IP addresses are already assigned to the client manually. Instead, it randomly assigns the IP addresses to devices no matter whether the address is already used or not. This is exactly why you will see IP address conflicts in home networks that comprise of multiple clients.
  • IP address conflicts can interrupt the network connection and smooth flow of the data between both the devices.

Due to all those reasons, we suggest you that let the router assign IP addresses to the devices within the home network.

What is, just like, is a commonly used IP address on local networks in particular. This address is frequently used with those networks where the IP address range begins with That means the networks where the router is assigned with

As per the theory, routers can assign the IP address to any of the devices connected to it. This can be done automatically. If not, an administrator can assign this IP address manually.

In fact, you will not find anything special on this IP address. It is just another IP address which is used automatically by the router.

Assigning automatically

Devices such as computers that are compatible with DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) usually get their IP addresses automatically. They communicate with the router as soon as they are connected and obtains a new IP address every time. It is the router that decides the IP address given to each device connected to the network. Usually, the router sets up a network range within and The router takes one from this sequence (in general, it is Then the router maintains the rest of the addresses and assigns them into the pool. In general, the router utilizes these IP addresses in sequential order. It assigns to the first device, and then the second device will be assigned with The third device will be, and it goes on. The order is not guaranteed, though.

Assigning manually

When it comes to devices like gaming consoles, computers, mobile phones, tabs, and other devices accept manual IP assignment. Nevertheless, it is not as simple as entering an IP address on the device. Instead, there should be a configuration process to complete in the router itself to assign an IP address.

What are the problems associated with

More often than not, networks assign private IP addresses through DHCP mode, and it happens dynamically. If you attempt to assign a device with manually, it is not impossible. It can be done in the form of static or fixed assignment. Nevertheless, we don’t recommend such an approach for home networks. That is particularly because of the potential to IP address conflicts.

Most of the home networks generally have in their IP address pool by default. Like with, is assigned to devices automatically too without checking if it is already assigned. As a result of this process, you will have a network conflict on the home network. Assume that you have manually assigned a device with on your home network. Then, if the router assigns another device with the same IP address, there will be a conflict. In this case, both devices will experience connection issues.

Assume that your home network is configured to DHCP and it has a device with IP address And you keep the aforesaid device disconnected for some period and reconnect it. In that case, the same device may be reassigned with a different IP address. The duration is regarded as ‘lease period’ in a DHCP network. And, this lease period differs depending on the configuration of the network. However, this lease period can fall between two to three days. However, if you don’t connect a newer device to the same network, IP address will remain unassigned. Whenever you connect the aforesaid device back into the same network, the same IP address may be reassigned. That is only if the other devices on the networks maintain their original IP addresses.

What is takes the fourth place of the IP address sequence of to In general, home routers use this range ( to to identify the local devices connected to the router. The router has the ability to assign automatically to any of the devices that are connected. In addition to that, the administrators of the network can do it manually.

Assigning automatically

As of today, many devices can connect to DHCP networks and are compatible with dynamic addresses. They obtain their IP addresses automatically from the respective router. In this case, it is the router that decides which address should be assigned to which devices. It is more of a random process. The addresses within this sequence are often called the DHCP pool.

To make it clearer for you, assume that you have a router at home. This router is expected to have the IP address, and that is the first number of the sequence. If you connect only one other device to this router, it will be given the IP address So, a network that has a router and only one other device will use only two IP addresses. If you connect the second device to the same network, IP address will be assigned to it. Likewise, the devices you connect will be sequentially given IP addresses. This range can go up to And, if you have the third device connected to this network, that will be the IP address So, in a nutshell, is just another number in this sequence. The order of the sequence cannot be guaranteed because it happens according to a random process. So, the most accurate thing to say would be that is the third IP address of the sequence. And, it can be assigned by the router to any device on a DHCP network.

Assigning manually

As of today, devices like phones, printers, gaming consoles, tabs, laptops, etc. allow administrators to configure IP addresses manually. Whoever has access to the devices can change the IP addresses of the devices by putting in the numbers. These numbers can be configured through the administrator privileges. But you should remember that assigning an IP address manually is way beyond typing the numbers. Just because you enter a number, you cannot guarantee that it would work correctly. There is a lot to consider when assigning an IP address. Apart from assigning a number to the device itself, you should configure it in the router page. Otherwise, it will not support the data transferring.

What are the problems associated with

In most of the cases, you would experience that private IP addresses are assigned through the DHCP protocol. Nevertheless, assigning manually to the device of your preference is pretty different from that process.

It requires a ‘fixed’ or ‘static’ assignment. However, we don’t recommend you do it unless you know very well about network configurations. The reasons are mentioned in the following paragraphs.

When you set an IP address manually, there is a risk of an IP address conflict situation. That happens when there are two devices with the same IP address on the same network. In general, the routers have as one of their DHCP IP addresses by default.

So, the router doesn’t check if the respective IP address is already assigned or not. Instead, it assigns the DHCP IP addresses to the devices detected by the router. So, just assume that you already have assigned manually to a device.

Then, you connected another device to the same network. Then, since the protocol is DCHP, the router can assign to this new device randomly. That means you have two devices on the same network with the same IP number. In that case, the obvious result is an IP address conflict. Both devices will experience connection issues under this circumstance.

Suppose that you kept a certain device disconnected from the network for a few days. You should also assume that the IP address of that device is Well, after some time, the respective IP address will be reassigned to another device.

The length of time is regarded as the ‘lease period’ when it comes to DHCP. This lease period might vary depending on the type of configuration of the network. In general, this lease period can be around 2-3 days.

If you don’t connect a newer device to the same network, will remain reserved. Once you connect the previous device to the same network, it will be reassigned to the same device.

What is

Just like you have expected, is the 5th option in a DHCP protocol IP address pool., just like the previous IP addresses we have mentioned, is a private IP address.

This IP address is usually found in home routers that have at least five devices or more. It can be assigned automatically to a device connected to a certain network.

In addition to that, you can even configure your router to use this IP address to it. But hardly any user would assign to the router (the router usually comes with by default).

Assume that is already assigned to a device. But that doesn’t allow you to access it as you would do with the router’s IP address. However, you can communicate with the device using the Ping command and check if the device is working.

For instance, say that is assigned to a printer and you want to check if it is active. In this case, you should send a ping command to the respective IP address.

Assigning automatically

Like with,, and, you can expect the router to assign a device with automatically.

In general, the router has for itself and the rest of the IP addresses (up to for other devices. These addresses will be assigned to devices according to a sequential order. So, you don’t have to worry about assigning IP addresses as it automatically happens.

Assigning manually

If you prefer, you can simply assign to a preferred device. However, we don’t recommend you do it unless you have good knowledge about what you do. In other words, manual IP address configuration is a task that should be handled by a professional.

Manual IP address configuration is a complex task rather than just typing a series of numbers. If you don’t do it properly, network conflicts may occur, and you already know the reasons. We have explained the cause behind IP address conflicts in previous sections.

Well, that’s the information we wanted to share about,,, and As you would see, configuring a home network can become complex if you handle it improperly.

So, we highly recommend you to stay away from manual configurations unless you know what you do. Otherwise, there will be annoying consequences such as IP address conflicts that will prevent smooth network operation.

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